University of Texas uses the Axon Patch-Clamp Systems to evaluate signaling mechanisms in the brain underlying memory and recall

"The beauty of using protocols in Clampex (a module in pCLAMP Software) is that you can program your system to control both stimulation and recording, making the whole system powerful and unique. More importantly is the versatility as you can input many different stimulating strategies, all under the control of Clampex. "

Mitchell Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases at The University of Texas Medical Branch

Balaji Krishnan, PhD, Assistant Professor

MultiClamp™ 700B Microelectrode Amplifier

Axon Digidata 1550B Low-Noise Data Acquisition System plus HumSilencer

pCLAMP 11 Software Suite

The Challenge

The goal of these studies is to identify mechanisms that are amenable to therapeutics and therefore applicable for preventing memory loss. Dr. Krishnan investigates differential phospholipase D (PLD) expression and the effects of isoforms using a multi-disciplinary approach consisting of electrophysiology, signaling, and behavioral studies.

University of Texas uses Axon Patch-Clamp Systems

The Solution

His electrophysiology studies include the use of two patch-clamp rigs, each with a MultiClamp 700B Microelectrode Amplifier and Digidata digitizer. One rig is used for brain slice patch and field recordings in rodent brain slices, while the other is designated for cellular patch recordings. Both patch-clamp rigs take advantage of dual recordings to evaluate the signaling mechanisms underlying memory and recall. Such studies will be instrumental in mapping the brain circuitry affected while simultaneously recording changes at the level of individual neurons.

  • Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common and severe age-associated neurodegenerative dementia
  • Currently there is no cure and the need to identify innovative targets for prevention and treatment are urgently needed

The Results

Dr. Krishnan uses Two MultiClamp 700B Microelectrode Amplifiers, Axon Digidata 1550A System with HumSilencer, Axon Digidata 1332A System, Axon pCLAMP 10 Electrophysiology Data Acquisition and Analysis Software to:

  • Uncover peripheral circadian rhythms of smell in Drosophila melanogaster, the first proof of a functional change in the peripheral oscillator governing circadian rhythms.
  • Analyze synaptic function in the amygdala, which controls long term memory expression of aversive and appetitive memories.
  • Evaluate how disruption of synaptic function in the hippocampus forms the basis of early events in neurodegenerative states resulting in pathological memory loss.

References

View our webinar with Dr. Krishnan: Using Electrophysiological Studies to Accelerate Mechanistic Study in Reception and Transmission

Abstract from his research at the Neuroscience 2016 meeting

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