Application Note

Complete cGMP workflow solution using the CatchPoint cGMP Fluorescent Assay Kit

  • Accurate measurements of cGMP in cell-based assays
  • Assay requires only a single wash step
  • High signal stability (10 minutes to 24 hours)
  • Z’ factor of 0.82

Download PDF    

Introduction

In this study, we demonstrate how the CatchPoint® cGMP Fluorescent Assay Kit combined with the SpectraMax® i3 MultiMode Detection Platform can be used to measure cGMP in RFL-6 cells treated with atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) [1, 2]. See assay workflow in Figure 1.

Figure 1: CatchPoint cGMP workflow.

The second messenger 3’, 5’ cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) and its associated proteins have been shown to be integral in regulating physiological responses such as smooth muscle relaxation, vasodilation, kidney function, phototransduction, and penile erection [3–7].

ANP, a hormone found in many vertebrates, signals through cGMP to reduce blood pressure by stimulating the excretion of sodium and water from the kidneys and relaxing vascular smooth muscle [8, 9]. Binding of ANP to its receptor leads to conversion of GTP to cGMP, which in turn activates protein kinase G, causing activation of a number of biologically relevant targets.

The CatchPoint cGMP Fluorescent Assay Kit measures cGMP levels via a competitive immunoassay (Figure 2). The assay requires only a single washing step, and readings can be taken in as little as 10 minutes or as long as 24 hours following substrate addition.

Figure 2: CatchPoint cGMP assay mechanism. Unlabeled cGMP produced by cells competes with cGMP-HRP conjugate for binding to anti-cGMP antibodies. Increasing amounts of cellular cGMP are detected as decreasing HRP activity.

Materials

  • CatchPoint cGMP Fluorescent Assay Kit (Molecular Devices cat. #R8074)
  • RFL-6 rat lung fibroblast cells (ATCC cat. #CCL-192)
  • F-12K Medium (Kaighn’s Modification of Ham’s F-12 Medium, ATCC cat. #30-2004)
    • Fetal bovine serum (Gemini Bio-Products cat. #100-106)
    • Penicillin-streptomycin (Life Technologies cat. #15070-063)
  • Krebs-Ringer bicarbonate buffer (KRGB buffer, Sigma cat. #K4002)
    • Sodium bicarbonate (Sigma, cat. #S5761)
  • Bovine serum albumin (Sigma cat. # 9048-46-8)
  • Phosphate-buffered saline (PBS, Life Technologies cat. #10010)
  • Human ANP (Sigma cat. #A-1663)
  • Phosphodiesterase inhibitor, 3-isobutyl-1- methylxanthine (IBMX, Sigma cat. #I7018)
  • 3% hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) solution
  • 96-well, clear-bottom, tissue culturetreated microplates (Corning cat. #3603)
  • SpectraMax i3 Multi-Mode Microplate Reader
  • SpectraMax® MiniMax™ 300 Imaging Cytometer

Methods

RFL-6 cells were cultured in complete culture media (F-12K medium + 20% FBS + 1% pen/strep) to at least 90% confluence. Cells were harvested with 0.05% trypsin and then seeded into a tissue culturetreated, 96-well, black-wall, clear-bottom microplate at 20,000 cells/well (15,000- 50,000 cells/well is an acceptable range). Cells were allowed to adhere for at least 18 hours in a 37°C incubator with 5% CO2.

On the day of assay, cell confluence was measured using the transmitted light channel of the SpectraMax MiniMax 300 Imaging Cytometer and StainFree™ Cell Detection Technology, which enables accurate measurement of cell counts or percent area covered by cells (confluence) for quality control purposes. Rows of cells with high cell confluence and low inter-well variability were selected for the CatchPoint assay (Figure 3). Cells were incubated in pre-stimulation buffer, KRBG buffer containing 0.75 mM IBMX, for 10 minutes at room temperature. Cells were then treated with ANP starting at 1 µM with a 1:3 dilution series for 15 minutes at 37°C. Following treatment, cells were lysed according to the CatchPoint assay protocol.

Figure 3: Relative cell confluence of RFL-6 cell-seeded wells. Row B was chosen for the assay because of high-well confluence and low inter-well variability

The CatchPoint assay was performed as described in the product insert. A cGMP calibrator curve was performed to verify assay performance, as well as provide a means of calculating the amount of cGMP in cellular assay samples. Samples were read on the SpectraMax i3 MultiMode Microplate Reader 60 minutes after StopLight Red substrate addition. All data analysis and curve fitting were performed with SoftMax® Pro Software. A preconfigured protocol is available in the software’s protocol library.

Results

To assess cell confluence before cell pre-stimulation and treatment, the MiniMax cytometer and StainFree technology were used to compare percent cell confluence among different rows of the microplate (Figure 3). Row B was chosen for assay due to consistent percent confluence from well to well. Triplicate samples were taken from each treated well and assayed.

Figures 4 and 5 show results for the CatchPoint cGMP calibrator curve and ANP response cell-based assay. Both curves were generated using the 4-parameter curve fit in SoftMax Pro Software. The calibrator curve had an EC50 of 3.1 nM, which agreed closely with previously published data. The Z’ factor was 0.82. 

The ANP concentration-response observed in RFL-6 cells had an EC50 of 41 nM, which was also consistent with previously reported results.

 

Figure 4: cGMP calibrator curve. EC50 was 3.1 nM, similar to previously published results. Samples were run in triplicate

Figure 5: ANP concentration-response curve starting at 1000 nM with 3-fold dilution series. EC50 was 41 nM, consistent with previously published data. Samples were run in duplicate.

Conclusion

The CatchPoint Cyclic GMP Fluorescent Assay Kit is accurate and robust for measuring cGMP in cell-based assays. The assay’s high signal stability (can be read 10 minutes to 24 hours after substrate addition), excellent Z’ factor, and ability to be performed on plate readers with a fluorescence intensity detection mode make the assay a versatile choice for highthroughput screening. The SpectraMax MiniMax 300 Imaging Cytometer and StainFree analysis offer an additional level of quality control for cell-based assays.

Ordering information

Reagent

Description

Part number

CatchPoint cGMP 96-well Explorer Kit 192 reactions R8074
CatchPoint cGMP 96-well Bulk Kit 960 reactions R8075
CatchPoint cGMP 384-well Explorer Kit 768 reactions R8065
CatchPoint cGMP 384-well Bulk Kit 7680 reactions R8066

Compatible with these Molecular Devices systems

References

  1. Pollock, Jennifer S., et al. “Purification and characterization of particulate endothelium-derived relaxing factor synthase from cultured and native bovine aortic endothelial cells.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 88.23 (1991): 10480-10484.
  2. Schmidt, H. H., et al. “Purification of a soluble isoform of guanylyl cyclase-activating-factor synthase.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 88.2 (1991): 365-369.
  3.  A Short History of cGMP, Guanylyl Cyclases, and cGMP-Depedent Protein Kinases – 2009 – Alexander Kots + Ferid Murad
  4.  Denninger, John W., and Michael A. Marletta. “Guanylate cyclase and the .NO/cGMP signaling pathway.” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)-Bioenergetics 1411.2 (1999): 334-350.
  5. Fesenko EE, Kolesnikov SS, Lyubarsky AL. Induction by cyclic GMP of cationic conductance in plasma membrane of retinal rod outer segment. Nature. 1985;313:310–3.
  6. Brown, R. Lane, et al. “The pharmacology of cyclic nucleotide-gated channels: emerging from the darkness.” Current Pharmaceutical Design 12.28 (2006): 3597.
  7. Schmidt, Harald HHW, Suzanne M. Lohmann, and Ulrich Walter. “The nitric oxide and cGMP signal transduction system: regulation and mechanism of action.” Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA)- Molecular Cell Research 1178.2 (1993): 153-175.
  8. de Bold, Adolfo J. “Atrial natriuretic factor: a hormone produced by the heart.” Science 230.4727 (1985): 767-770.
  9. Leitman, Dale C., et al. “Atrial natriuretic peptide binding, cross-linking, and stimulation of cyclic GMP accumulation and particulate guanylate cyclase activity in cultured cells.” Journal of Biological Chemistry 263.8 (1988): 3720-3728.

Learn more about CatchPoint cGMP Fluorescent Assay Kit >>

Download PDF