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SpectraMax M Series Multi-Mode Microplate Readers

With six different models to choose from, it's easy to find the one you want for your lab

Every SpectraMax® M Series Multi-Mode Microplate Reader does UV and visible absorbance, and fluorescence intensity measurements on microplates and cuvettes, standard. After that, you're free to choose the reader that gives you the most empowering combination of features for your lab. Choose one that adds glow luminescence, time-resolved fluorescence, fluorescence polarization, or, in the case of our top-of-the-line M5e, all of these, plus HTRF.

If you need one of these readers now, but you're not certain about your future requirements, choose one of our upgradeable M3, M4 or M5 Readers.

All M Series Readers accept cuvettes and 6-, 12-, 24-, 48-, 96-, and 384-well microplates. Standard features include UV-visible absorbance in tunable 1.0 nm increments up to 4.0nm, and fluorescence intensity with spectral scanning across the wavelength  range in 1 nm increments and up to four wavelength pairs per protocol supporting FRET based assays.

View SpectraMax M2-M5e Series Comparison Table         SpectraMax M Series comparison table  

Patented AutoPMT Optimization System

  • The patented AutoPMT optimization system of the SpectraMax M5 Microplate Reader adjusts the fluorescence detector to each sample well's concentration and normalizes the raw data, extending the dynamic range of assays so that low, medium, and high signals can be captured from the same plate. This calibration against an internal standard provides an additional benefit in being able to confidently compare relative fluorescence units (RFUs) of individual samples across plates and readers.

Patented PathCheck Pathlength Measurement Technology

  • Offers the capability to measure the depth (optical pathlength) of samples in a temperature independent manner using the patented PathCheck® Technology. With SoftMax Pro® Software, the PathCheck Technology automatically normalizes the well absorbance.

Comprehensive Reader Validation

  • Molecular Devices microplate readers have the most complete level of product validation and compliance of any system on the market. A variety of tools are available to users to meet users' diverse validation needs. Molecular Devices provides the complete solution covering the instrument and software.

SpectraTest® ABS1, FL1, and LM1 Validation Plates for hardware validation of absorbance, fluorescence, and luminescence modes

Automating with Ease

  • Offers seamless integration with the StakMax® Stacker, Molecular Devices' own integrated microplate stacker designed exclusively for SpectraMax Microplate Readers and AquaMax® Microplate Washers. SpectraMax M5 Microplate Reader has an automation-compatible reader design for integration into automated platforms. Molecular Devices microplate readers have been integrated into all major automation platforms.

Assay Kits

  • We offer optimized assay kits for use with the SpectraMax M Series readers.

Molecular Devices Assay Partnerships

Molecular Devices has collaborated with various assay partners to optimize and validate homogeneous and heterogeneous biochemical- or cell-based assay performance on the SpectraMax Microplate Reader platform. To support these assays, we provide application notes as well as ready-to-run protocols in our SoftMax Pro Software.

The SpectraMax microplate readers support a wide variety of assay categories including

  • Protein assays
    • ELISAs       
    • Fluorescent proteins and FRET
  • Nucleic acid assays
    • DNA/RNA quantitation       
  • Fast kinetic assays     
  • Enzyme assays
    • Phosphotase activity
    • Kinase activity
    • Protease activity     
  • Cell function assays
    • Cell viability and cytotoxicity
    • Cell migration
    • Cell adhesion
  • Reporter gene assays
  • Other assays
    • Fatty acid uptake
    • Neurotransmitter uptake
    • ADME Tox 
    • Membrane permeability
    • Microbial growth
    • Endotoxin
    • Low volume applications

SoftMax® Pro Data Acquisition & Analysis Software, Molecular Devices industry leading all-in-one data acquisition and analysis software, offers:

  • The most extensive library of "Ready-to-Run" application protocols to get you started faster
  • Optional tools for regulated labs with SoftMax Pro GxP Compliance Software
  • Advanced calculations including non-linear fitting metrics for in-depth analysis
  • The only Mac- and Windows-native application support for seamless exchange of data files between operating systems
  • Proven integrations with leading automation and LIMS platforms for partnered solutions
  • Pre-written SpectraDrop™ Plate protocols enabling micro volume applications measurements
  • Seamless integrated with the StakMax® Microplate Handling Stacker

SpectraMax M2 / m2E

General Specifiations

Dimensions (in.)

8.6 (H) x 22.8 (W) x 15 (D)

Dimensions (cm)

22 (H) x 58 (W) x 38 (D)

Weight

35 lbs. (15.9 kg)

Power consumption

< 125 watts

Power source

100-240 Vac, 3 A, 50/60 Hz

Absorbance Photometric Performance

Wavelength range

200-1000 nm

Wavelength selection

Monochromator, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Wavelength bandwidth

≤ 4.0 nm

Wavelength accuracy

±2.0 nm

Wavelength repeatability

±0.2 nm

Photometric range

0-4.0 OD

Photometric resolution

0.001 OD

Photometric accuracy (microplate)

< ±0.006 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric accuracy (cuvette)

< ±0.005 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric precision

< ±0.003 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Baseline flatness

< 0.001 OD

Stray light

< 0.05% @ 230 nm

Fluorescence Photometric Performance (M2)

Dual monochromators

1 nm increments

EX

250-850 nm

EM

250-850 nm

Bandwidth (EX, EM)

9, 9 nm

Optimized sensitivity (top-read)

5 pM (fluorescein)

Guaranteed sensitivity (top-read)**

15 pM (fluorescein)

Fluorescence Photometric Performance (M2e)

Dual monochromators

 

1 nm increments
 

EX

250-850 nm

EM

360-850 nm

Bandwidth (EX, EM)

9, 9 nm

Optimized sensitivity (bottom-read M2e only)

10 pM (fluorescein)

Sensitivity (bottom-read)**

25 pM (fluorescein)

Top-read detection limit

3.0 fmol/well FITC 200 μL in 96 wells (signal 3X SD of baseline)

Bottom-read detection limit

5.0 fmol/well FITC 200 μL in 96 wells (signal 3X SD of baseline)

Time-Resolved Fluorescence (Secondary Mode)

Wavelength range (M2)

360-850 nm

Wavelength range (M2e)

250-850 nm

Data collection

50-1450 μsec., 200 μsec. increments

Sensitivity**

7 pM europium

Luminescence (Secondary Mode)

Wavelength range (M2)

360-850 nm

Wavelength range (M2e)

250-850 nm

Sensitivity**

50 fM alkaline phosphatase

General Photometric Performance

Plate formats

6, 12, 24, 48, 96, 384 wells

Light source

Xenon flash lamp (1 joule/flash)

Detector

Photomultiplier (R-3896)

Read time* 96-well

Abs 18 sec., FI 15 sec.; 384-well: Abs 49 sec., FI 45 sec.

Shaker time

0 to 999 seconds

Temp. control

4°C above ambient to 45°C

Temp. uniformity

< 1°C at 37°C set point

Temp. accuracy

±1°C at 37°C set point

* Measurement type may extend read time.

 

 

**For properly functioning, operated and maintained equipment.

† The PathCheck Pathlength measurement technology is covered under U.S. Patents (5,959,738

5,959,738, 6,188,476, 6,320,662, 6,339,472)

The SpectraMax M2 and M2e Multi-Mode Microplate Reader is also covered under U.S. Patents

6,232,608, 6,236,456, 6,313,471, 6,316,774,  6,693,709, and 6,825,921

The SpectraMax M2e Multi-Mode Microplate Reader is covered under U.S. Patents 6,097,025

† With 3 flashes/well in absorbance and fluorescence modes, and 1 sec./well integration in luminescence.

SpectraMax M3

General Specifications

Dimensions (in.)

8.6 (H) x 22.8 (W) x 15.3 (D)

Dimensions (cm)

22 (H) x 58 (W) x 39 (D)

Weight

36 lbs (16.4 kg)

Power Consumption

< 420 watts

Power Source

100-240 VAC, 3 A, 50/60 Hz

Robotic Compatible

Yes

General Photometric Performance

Plate Formats

6, 12, 24, 48, 96, 384 wells

Light Source

Xenon Flash Lamp (1 joule/flash)

Detectors

2 photomultiplier tubes

ShakerTime

0 to 999 seconds

Temperature Control

2 °C above ambient to 60 °C

Temperature Uniformity

< 1°C at 37°C set point

Temperature Accuracy

±1°C at 37°C set point

Endpoint Reading

All modes

Kinetic Reading

All modes

Spectral Scanning

All modes

Well Scanning

Abs, FI, Lum

Standard Read Times (minutes:seconds)††

 

96 wells

384 wells

 

Absorbance

0:18

0:49

 

Fluorescence Intensity

0:17

0:48

 

Fluorescence Polarization

0:42

2:03

 

Time-Resolved Fluorescence

0:17

0:48

 

Luminescence

2:00

7:00

 

Absorbance Photometric Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or microplate

Wavelength

200-1000 nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromator, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Wavelength Bandwidth

< 4.0 nm

Wavelength Accuracy

±2.0 nm

Wavelength Repeatability

±0.2 nm

Photometric Range

0-4.0 OD

Photometric Resolution

0.001 OD

Photometric Accuracy (Microplate)

< ±0.006 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric Accuracy (Cuvette)

< ±0.005 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric Precision

< ±0.003 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Stray Light

< 0.05% @ 230 nm

Fluorescence Intensity Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Range

250-850 nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromators, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Bandwidth (Ex, Em)

9 nm, 15 nm

Optimized sensitivity

≤ 1 pM fluorescein in 96 wells or cuvette
< 1.5 pM in 384 wells

Sensitivity**

< 5 pM fluorescein in 96 wells
< 20 pM in 384 wells

Luminescence Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Selection

All wavelengths or with selected wavelengths

Wavelength Range

250-850 nm

Optimized sensitivity

≤ 43 pM ATP in 96 wells

Sensitivity**

≤ 75 pM ATP in 96 wells

Cross-talk

< 0.3% in 96- and 384-well microplates

*FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY. NOT FOR USE IN DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES.
**For properly functioning, operated and maintained equipment.
† The PathCheck Sensor is covered under U.S. Patents 5,959,738, 6,188,476, 6,320,662, 6,339,472, 6,404,501, 6,496,260 and 6,995,844. SpectraMax M3, M4, M5, and M5e readers are also covered under U.S. Patents 6,097,025 6,232,608, 6,236,456, 6,313,471 and 6,316,774 6,693,709, and 6,825,921

†† With 3 flashes/well in absorbance and fluorescence modes, and 1 sec./well integration in luminescence.

SpectraMax M4

General Specifications

Dimensions (in.)

8.6 (H) x 22.8 (W) x 15.3 (D)

Dimensions (cm)

22 (H) x 58 (W) x 39 (D)

Weight

36 lbs (16.4 kg)

Power Consumption

< 420 watts

Power Source

100-240 VAC, 3 A, 50/60 Hz

Robotic Compatible

Yes

General Photometric Performance

Plate Formats

6, 12, 24, 48, 96, 384 wells

Light Source

Xenon Flash Lamp (1 joule/flash)

Detectors

2 photomultiplier tubes

ShakerTime

0 to 999 seconds

Temperature Control

2 °C above ambient to 60 °C

Temperature Uniformity

< 1°C at 37°C set point

Temperature Accuracy

±1°C at 37°C set point

Endpoint Reading

All modes

Kinetic Reading

All modes

Spectral Scanning

All modes

Well Scanning

Abs, FI, TRF, Lum

Standard Read Times (minutes:seconds)††

 

96 wells

384 wells

 

Absorbance

0:18

0:49

 

Fluorescence Intensity

0:17

0:48

 

Fluorescence Polarization

0:42

2:03

 

Time-Resolved Fluorescence

0:17

0:48

 

Luminescence

2:00

7:00

 

Absorbance Photometric Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or microplate

Wavelength Range

200-1000 nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromator, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Wavelength Bandwidth

< 4.0 nm

Wavelength Accuracy

±2.0 nm

Wavelength Repeatability

±0.2 nm

Photometric Range

0-4.0 OD

Photometric Resolution

0.001 OD

Photometric Accuracy (Microplate)

< ±0.006 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric Accuracy (Cuvette)

< ±0.005 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric Precision

< ±0.003 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Stray Light

< 0.05% @ 230 nm

Fluorescence Intensity Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Range

250-850 nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromators, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Bandwidth (Ex, Em)

9 nm, 15 nm

Optimized sensitivity

≤ 1 pM fluorescein in 96 wells
≤ 1.5 pM in 384 wells

Sensitivity**

< 5 pM fluorescein in 96 wells or cuvette
≤ 20 pM in 384 wells

Luminescence Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Selection

All wavelengths or with selected wavelengths

Wavelength Range

250-850 nm

Optimized sensitivity

≤43 pM ATP in 96 wells

Sensitivity**

≤75 pM ATP in 96 wells

Cross-talk

< 0.3% in 96- and 384-well microplate

Time-Resolved Fluorescence Performance

Reading Capabilities

Top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Range

250-850 nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromators, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Bandwidth (Ex, Em)

9 nm, 15 nm

Precision Data Collectionn

1-100 flashes, delay of 0-600 µsec before read, integration time selectable between 50-1500 µsec

Optimized sensitivity

≤10 fM europium in 96 wells

Sensitivity**

≤100 fM europium in 96 or 384 wells

SpectraMax M5e reader only

Certified to Cisbio Bioassays' HTRF assays performance Specifications

*FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY. NOT FOR USE IN DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES.
**For properly functioning, operated and maintained equipment.
† The PathCheck Sensor is covered under U.S. Patents 5,959,738, 6,188,476, 6,320,662, 6,339,472, 6,404,501, 6,496,260 and 6,995,844. SpectraMax M3, M4, M5, and M5e readers are also covered under U.S. Patents 6,097,025 6,232,608, 6,236,456, 6,313,471 and 6,316,774 6,693,709, and 6,825,921

†† With 3 flashes/well in absorbance and fluorescence modes, and 1 sec./well integration in luminescence.

SpectraMax M5 / M5e

General Specifications

Dimensions (in.)

8.6 H x 22.8 W x 15.3 D

Dimensions (cm)

22 H x 58 W 39 D

Weight

35-36 lbs (15.9-16.4kg)

Power Consumption

< 125 Watts

Power Source

100-240 VAC, 3 A, 50/60 Hz

Robotic Compatible

Yes

Generic Photometric Performance

Plate Formats

6, 12, 24, 38, 96, 384 wells

Light Source

Xenon Flash Lamp (1 joule/flash)

Detectors

 1-2 photomultiplier tubes

ShakerTime

0 to 999 seconds

Temperature Control

2-4 °C above ambient to 45-60 °C

Temperature Uniformity

< 1°C at 37°C set point

Temperature Accuracy

±1°C at 37°C set point

Endpoint Reading

All modes

Kinetic Reading

All modes

Spectral Scanning

All modes

Well Scanning

Abs, FI, TRF, Lum

Standard Read Times (minutes:seconds)††

 

96 wells

384 wells

Absorbance

0:18

0:49

Fluorescence Intensity

0:17

0:48

Fluorescence Polarization

0:42

2:03

Time-Resolved Fluorescence

0:17

0:48

Luminescence

2:00

7:00

Absorbance Photometric Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or microplate

Wavelength Range

200-1000nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromator, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Wavelength Bandwidth

< 4.0nm

Wavelength Accuracy

±2.0 nm

Wavelength Repeatability

±2.0 nm

Photometric Range

0-4.0 OD

Photometric Resolution

0.001 OD

Photometric Accuracy (Microplate)

< ±0.006 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric Accuracy (Cuvette)

< ±0.005 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Photometric Precision

< ±0.003 OD ±1.0%, 0-2 OD

Stray Light

< 0.05% @ 230 nm

Fluorescence Intensity Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Range

250-850 nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromators, tunable to 1.0 nm increments

Bandwidth (Ex, Em)

9nm, 15 nm

Optimized sensitivity

≤ 1 pM fluorescein in 96 wells 
≤ 1.5 pM in 384 wells

Sensitivity**

< 5 pM fluorescein in 96 wells or cuvette
< 20 pM in 384 wells

Luminescence Performance

Reading Capabilities

Cuvette or top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Selection

All wavelengths or with selected wavelengths

Wavelength Range

250-850 nm

Optimized sensitivity

≤ 43 pM ATP in 96 wells

Sensitivity**

≤ 75 pM ATP in 96 wells

Cross-talk

< 0.3% in 96- and 384-well microplates

Time Resolved Fluorescence Performance

Reading Capabilities

Top or bottom of a microplate

Wavelength Range

250-850nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromators, tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Bandwidth (Ex, Em)

9nm, 15 nm

Precision Data Collection

1-100 flashes, delay of 0-600 µsec before read, integration time selectable between 50-1500 µsec

Optimized sensitivity**

≤ 10 fM europium in 96 wells

Sensitivity**

≤ 100 fM europium in 96 or 384 wells

SpectraMax M5e reader only

Certified to Cisbio Bioassays' HTRF assays performance Specifications

Fluorescence Polarization Performance

Wavelength Range

300-750 nm

Wavelength Selection

Monochromators , tunable in 1.0 nm increments

Bandwidth (Ex, Em)

9 nm, 15 nm

Precision**

≤ 3.5 mP standard deviation at 1 nM fluorescein in 96 wells


*FOR RESEARCH USE ONLY. NOT FOR USE IN DIAGNOSTIC PROCEDURES.
**For properly functioning, operated and maintained equipment

† The PathCheck Sensor is covered under U.S. Patents 5,959,738, 6,188,476, 6,320,662, 6,339,472, 6,404,501, 6,496,260 and 6,995,844. SpectraMax M3, M4, M5, and M5e readers are also covered under U.S. Patents 6,097,025 6,232,608, 6,236,456, 6,313,471 and 6,316,774 6,693,709, and 6,825,921

†† With 3 flashes/well in absorbance and fluorescence modes, and 1 sec./well integration in luminescence.

SpectraMax® M Series Multi-Mode Microplate Readers

Product

Part Number

SpectraMax M2 Multi-Mode Microplate Reader

M2

SpectraMax M2E Multi-Mode Microplate Reader

M2E

SpectraMax M3 Multi-Mode Microplate Reader

M3

SpectraMax M4 Multi-Mode Microplate Reader

M4

SpectraMax M5 Multi-Mode Microplate Reader

M5

SpectraMax M5E Multi-Mode Microplate Reader

M5E

SpectraTest ABS1 Absorbance Validation Plate

0200-6117

SpectraTest FL1 Fluorescence Validation Plate

0200-5060

SpectraTest LM1 Luminescence Validation Plate

0200-6186

SpectraDrop™ Micro-Volume Starter Kit

0200-6262

SpectraDrop™ Micro-Volume HTS Kit

0200-6267

StakMax Microplate Handling Stacker

StakMax

Reader Shelf

9000-0756

 

Number of Citations*: 11,100

Latest Citations:
For a complete list, please click here.

Quantification of Catecholamine Uptake in Adult Cardiac Myocytes

EF Dahl, CD Wright, TD O'Connell - Nuclear G-Protein Coupled Receptors, 2015 - Springer
... 1. FlexStation 3 Benchtop Multi-Mode Microplate Reader. 2. SpectraMax M5 Multi-Mode Microplate
Reader. 3. Analyst GT. ... Table 1 shows the recommended experimental setup parameters for
FlexStation, SpectraMax M5, Analyst GT, and Fusion Microplate Analyzer. ...
 
 

[HTML] Determining Antioxidant Activities of Lactobacilli Cell-Free Supernatants by Cellular Antioxidant Assay: A Comparison with Traditional Methods

J Xing, G WangQ Zhang, X Liu, Z Gu, H Zhang… - PloS one, 2015 - dx.plos.org
... The control sample contained deionized water instead of the sample solution. The
scavenged DPPH was then monitored by determining the absorbance at 517 nm using
SpectraMax M5 microplate reader (Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale CA). ...
 
 

[HTML] Zwitterionic poly (carboxybetaine)-based cationic liposomes for effective delivery of small interfering RNA therapeutics without accelerated blood clearance …

Y Li, R Liu, Y Shi, Z Zhang, X Zhang - Theranostics, 2015 - ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
... For low-range assay, 100 μL of the reagent was added to mircoplate wells and the samples were
quantified using microplate reader (SpectraMax M5, Molecular Devices, CA, USA) with the
excitation wavelength of 485 nm and emission wavelength of 530 nm. ...
 

NAD+ Content and Its Role in Mitochondria

W Li, AA Sauve - Mitochondrial Regulation, 2015 - Springer
... (Molecular Devices SpectraMax M5/M5, SoftMax Pro 5 Software: 530 nm excitation, 580
nm emission). Record readings every 27 s for 15 min. ... (Molecular Devices SpectraMax
M5/M5, SoftMax Pro 5 Software: 530 nm excitation, 580 nm emission). ...
 

Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing for Mycobacterium sp.

D Blanco-Ruano, DM Roberts… - Mycobacteria …, 2015 - Springer
... Sterilize by filtration (0.22 μm). 3. Fluorimeter, eg, Spectramax M5. 2.4 Measuring Growth by ATP.
1. Sterile 96-well or 384-well white plates. 2. Bactiter-GloTM Microbial Cell viability Assay reagent
(Promega). 3. Luminometer, eg, Spectramax M5. 4. Antitubercular standards. ...
 

Homogeneous time-resolved fluorescence assay for the detection of ricin using an aptamer immobilized on europium-doped KGdF4 nanoparticles and graphene …

Y Huang, X Chen, S Wu, N Duan, Y Yu, Z Wang - Microchimica Acta, 2015 - Springer
... TR-FL intensity data were re- corded using a SpectraMax M5/M5e microplate reader in
time-resolved mode (Molecular Devices, USA). ... The ELISA results were collected using a
SpectraMax M5/M5e microplate reader (Molecular Devices, Y. Huang et al. Page 3. USA). ...
 
 

Echinacoside Protects against 6-Hydroxydopamine-Induced Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Inflammatory Responses in PC12 Cells via Reducing ROS Production

YH Wang, ZH Xuan, S Tian, GH Du - Evidence-Based Complementary …, 2015 - hindawi.com
... IL-1β and IL-6 ELISA kits were obtained from Boster Bio-engineer limited company (Wuhan,
China). Spectramax M5 microplate reader was purchased from Molecular Devices campany
(Sunnyvale, CA, USA). 2.2. Cell Culture and Treatment. ...
 
 

Peptides from cowpea present antioxidant activity, inhibit cholesterol synthesis and its solubilisation into micelles

MR Marques, RAMS Freitas, ACC Carlos… - Food chemistry, 2015 - Elsevier
... Excitation wavelength was 555 nm and emission detection was at 590 nm, measured
with a SpectraMax M5 equipment (Molecular Devices, Sunnyvale, CA, USA). Cholesterol
standard curves were obtained using calibration standards. ...
 

High-throughput screening and selection of high lipid producers for biofuels

W Lew - 37th Symposium on Biotechnology for Fuels and …, 2015 - sim.confex.com
... and fluorescence intensity. The lipid content of the picked colonies was confirmed
by staining with BODIPY 505/515, a lipophilic fluorescent dye, and using a
SpectraMax M5 for fluorescence measurement. By selecting only ...
 
 

[HTML] Purinergic signaling mediates oxidative stress in UVA-exposed THP-1 cells

A Kawano, A Hayakawa, S Kojima, M Tsukimoto… - Toxicology Reports, 2015 - Elsevier
... After UVA irradiation, fluorescence was detected using a dual-scanning microplate
spectrofluorometer (SpectraMax M5, Molecular Devices, Orleans, CA) with 485 nm excitation
and 538 nm emission, or visualized with a fluorescence microscope (Olympus, Tokyo, Japan). ...
 

 

* as of June 26, 2015. Source: Google Scholar. Search results includes entire SpectraMax M series (M, M2, M2e, M3, M4, M5, M5e)